Russia continues to mount an increasing number of attacks on global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) -- especially the U.S.
Major non-Russian GNSS systems now operational include GPS, China's BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, and Europe's Galileo Navigation Satellite System.
"Russian forces had developed mobile GNSS jamming units to provide protection for the Russian president,” said C4ADS.
Another think tank, Digital Shadows, said the geographical placement of Russian spoofing incidents closely aligns with places where Vladimir Putin was making overseas and domestic visits.
This suggests that “Russian forces had developed mobile GNSS jamming units to provide protection for the Russian president.